Cubeb berries are a “red” alternative to black pepper. They are bitter, peppery, and pungent, with traces of camphor and nutmeg in their aroma. They go well with meat, cheese and vegetable dishes.
MEDICINAL: Considered a carminative, diuretic, expectorant, stimulant, and antiseptic. Cubeb Berry has been shown to be effective in easing the symptoms of chronic bronchitis.
This intriguing spice, often described as a vibrant blend of ginger, cardamom, and pepper, seems to be just as valuable in the medicine cabinet as it is in the spice rack. An outstanding substitute for cardamom and black pepper, try it in curried dishes of North African and Middle Eastern influence, add it to zesty paella & cassoulets, or simply eat it with bread in a little olive oil with garlic and thyme.
ORIGIN: West Africa
Green pepper is from the same fruit as the black, but is harvested before they mature. Green pepper is milder with a cleaner, fresher flavor. Green peppercorns can be mashed with garlic, cinnamon or to make a spiced butter or with cream to make a fresh and attractive sauce for fish. It is often used in white sauces rather than black pepper, which would give the sauce a speckled appearance. It’s best ground directly on to food. With hot food it is best to add pepper well towards the end of the cooking process, to preserve its aroma.
MEDICINAL: Pepper calms nausea and raises body temperature, making it valuable for treating fevers and chills.